Raja’s take: What do developing countries, such as India, need to stand on their feet?

Hierarchy

Every day, I see a lot of articles – published, created, or shared by people around the world – revolving around the problems faced by the people in the developing countries. One common denominator I observed in all these problems is that a need is not met or considerably satisfied. In other words, one consider a particular situation or issue to be a problem when one thinks that the issue in consideration is arisen because humans’ needs are not met. You might have already guessed where I am going with this; Yes, I strongly believe that problems arise when needs or expectations don’t meet the threshold level that is considered to be healthy. For example, proper diet is a need that has to be consumed by a human being in order to avoid malnutrition, thus avoiding myriad other deceases and health issues. This forms the premise for the rest of my argument in the rest of the essay.

In most of the developing countries, to put bluntly, there is big chunk of human population, that is deprived of food, shelter, clean water, air, and other biological needs. The policy makers are well aware of all these major issues and these are the needs they want to make sure are met by all the citizens of their corresponding nation. However, there is a caveat in this theory. Even though the policy makers come up with a well defined set of strategies to create facilities and infrastructure in guaranteeing that these needs are met, the execution is not on par with the effectiveness of these strategies. Before I completely digress from the main topic, I want to reiterate that by creating an environment where basic needs are met, a country can stand on its own feet.

This argument is strongly bolstered by psychology theories, prominently Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. According to the theory, humans’ needs can be organized in a hierarchical approach that results pyramid structure. The base of the this pyramid is supported by the basic needs such as, food, water, breathing, homeostasis, and excretion. Any law, policy or idea should not disturb or break this base. It is state’s responsibility to create an environment where these needs are met. Coming from India, I can clearly see the good intentions of the government, which is trying to provide food to the sector that is suffering from malnutrition. Publicizing these ideas and the reasons behind the intentions would immensely help in effective execution of these strategies.

As we go up the steps of the Maslow’s pyramid, we find that security of body, employment, resources, morality, the family, and propery occupies the second place from the bottom. I can relate these needs to the state’s policing of all the human activities to curb the outbreak of bad. Further up in the pyramid are friendship, family, and sexual intimacy, which are left to the individual to work on. Further up in the pyramid is self- esteem which is a well-known need in the financially and socially stable society. Any one can clearly relate this theory to their personal lives and it is easy understand the theory. At the top of the pyramid is the self-actualization of the human being.

My expectation from sharing this popular theory is that every time one sees a problem one can clearly see that one of the needs in the hierarchy of needs is not met. Thus easing the process of figuring out the root cause. More detailed information on Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs can be found here.

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